Hottest animals in the world

Posted on Mar 30, 2012 in Habitat

© Lovelypetal – flickr

Coolest hump – The camel

Camels have fat beneath their skin all over our bodies. This suits them well but in the sweltering desert this stops them from cooling down quickly. Which is why the camel stores all its fat in one very famous place - its hump! Also, unlike most mammals, a camel’s body temperature fluctuates throughout the day allowing it to conserve water by not sweating when it’s hot.

 

© Ecoview – Fotolia.com

Hottest fox – The fennel fox

These clever foxes have several tricks up their sleeves for surviving in deserts. Their large ears, with their many blood vessels, help keep them cool by dispersing excess body heat and their kidneys are well adapted to restrict water loss. The soles of their feet are also covered in thick fur which helps them move on loose sand and protects them when it’s burning hot.

 

© Leemarusa – Fotolia.com

Hottest spider – The desert tarantula

Animals such as scorpions, insects and spiders, like the desert tarantula benefit from their tough exoskeleton which helps prevent water loss. During the day, the tarantula burrows under rocks and roots to keep cool and avoid predators. Only at night, do they venture out to feed on equally nocturnal animals such as beetles and crickets.

 

© Photoblueice – Fotolia.com

Coolest house – The termite

Grassland termites beat the heat by living in air-conditioned nests. The part they live in is buried below the ground. Above them is a gigantic mound made of sunbaked clay,  The mound contains tunnels that cool the air that circulates through the nest.

 

© Wwarby – flick

Safest sunbather – The hippopotamus

Hippos’ skin produces a red, oily liquid that stops them from getting burned.

 

© US Fish and Wildlife – Wikimedia

Hottest rat – The kangaroo rat

These small rodents are true experts at surviving in conditions of extreme heat and dryness. They live in underground dens which they seal off to block out midday heat and to recycle the moisture from their own breathing. They also have specialized kidneys that restrict water loss by extracting most of the water from their urine and returning it to the blood stream. If that weren’t impressive enough, they can even release water from the seeds that they eat and digest. Indeed, a kangaroo rat is one of the very few animals that can go through their entire life without actually drinking a drop of water.

 

Do camels get sand up their nose?

©Andreas Meyer – Fotolia.com

Answer : No. Firstly, it has cleverly designed slit-like nostrils and, secondly, if a sandstorm is really bad, the camel can actually close its nostrils completely. It also has super long eyelashes to catch and block sand from getting into its eyes too. So whilst a sandstorm would pose huge problems for us, it’s really not too much bother for the camel.

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